4 Ways to Adjust Levels

Ways to Adjust Levels In Photoshop

Ways to Adjust Levels In Photoshop

Levels are almost always a necessary adjustment that needs to be made in post-processing. Playing with the levels of an image can change the whole dynamic and feel of the photos. Bring some drama and character to pictures very easily. Learn what the levels sliders do. We’ll show you 4 wayds to add levels adjustments in our quick 2-minute tutorial video.

4 Ways to Adjust Levels in Photoshop


What Levels Adjustment Sliders Do 

Levels Adjustments sliders are used to define what is black and what is white by their tonal value. By moving the sliders we can set what range we use to determine how pixel tones fit within a grayscale range. The scale from black to white is measured is from 0 to 255. Here is what each slider does:

levels black slider

Highlighted is the black slider set to zero. If we slide it right to 35. Any pixels from dark gray 35 to black 0 will become black.

levels mid tone slider

We have the mid-tone slider highlighted. This is set to 1 as default, sliding left toward black increase the range of white tones into mid-tones lightening the image. and vice versa, by sliding it right toward white, you increase the range of black tones into mid-tones darkening the image.

white point levels slider

You’ve probably guessed by now. Highlighted above, the White slider controls what we determine as white. By sliding it left for example from 255 to 200 the upper mid-tones from 200 will now appear as white.

The Output sliders determine what tonal range exists in the image. We know 0 is black and 255 is white, what if we didn’t want any black in our image. 

black output slider

If we slide the black slider to, let’s say 50. Then Black will be replaced with the tones equal to 50. The image will brighten and soften as the full tonal range is set from 50 to 255.

white output levels

Sliding the white slider will have the opposite effect. If we slid this to 200, the overall image will darken as white is removed and replaced with light grey with a tonal value of 200.

By having a good play around with these sliders and exploring what they do, you will quickly understand their purpose and figure out how they can work for you.


4 Ways to Add Adjustment Levels

Method 1 – Quick Keyboard Shortcuts.
Method 2 – Adjustment Panel.
Method 3 – Adjustment Layer Icon.
Method 4 – Menu Navigation.

Method 1 – Quick Keyboard Shortcuts.

By far the quickest way to add a Levels adjustment.

1. Press Crtl+L on a PC or Cmd+L on a Mac.

Crtl+L Cmd+L

 

2. Adjust the sliders as you see fit and click OK.

Adjust levels

 

3. NOTE, there is no new adjustment layer. The level changes are immediately applied directly to your image. This is a destructive process.

destructive levels adjustment

4. To undo these adjustments you will need to press Crtl+Z on a PC or Cmd+Z on a Mac. Or go to Edit>Undo.

 

Method 2 – Adjustment Panel.

The remaining methods are preferred non-destructive methods.

1. Go to the Adjustments panel and click on the Levels Icon.

levels adjustment panel

 

2. The levels pane will appear for you to play with.

sliders in levels

 

3. When you’re finished making adjustments close the panel by clicking the icon it the top right corner that looks like two arrows >>.

close adjustment panel

4. A new adjustment layer is made, showing that this is a non-destructive process.

levels layers

 

5. Because the levels adjustments are in their own layer you can toggle the visibility of the layer to see its effects before and after by clicking on the eye icon .

layer visibility

 

6. If you need to make changes you can, by clicking on the circular icon .

change levels layer

 

7. Adjust the levels layer to improve your image.

change to levels

 

8. If the levels adjustment gives the right balance but it is too strong. You can reduce the levels layer opacity.

levels layer opacity

 

9. To delete the Levels Adjustment layer, you can simply drag and drop it to the bin icon.

delete a layer

 

Method 3 – Adjustment Layer Icon.

1. Click on the ‘create a new fill or adjustment layer’ icon at the bottom of the Layers panel. 

new fill or adjustment layer

 

2. Select Levels from the list that appears.

select levels

 

3. The Levels Adjustment panel will appear for you to adjust as described previously in Method 2 from point 2.

how to change levels

 

Method 4 – Menu Navigation.

1. Go to Layer>New Adjustment Layer and select Levels.

layer>new adjustment layer> Levels

 

2. A box will appear where you can rename this layer and more. When you’ve finished with this box click OK.

layer properties

 

3. After clicking OK, the new Levels Adjustment will appear. 

panel layer levels


Here is an example image fo before and after we used this tutorial to adjust levels in photoshop.


Additional Resources

If you liked this tutorial on how to adjust levels in photoshop, you might also like What Level Adjustments Do And How They Affect Your Image.


Online Resources

You can find out what Adobe has to say in their Levels Overview.

I also found a really good article on Picture Correct website on WHEN TO USE LEVELS OR CURVES IN PHOTOSHOP.

This is an interesting, comprehensive, and detailed tutorial on How to Use Levels in Photoshop Correct Color and Contrast. 

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